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00:00:00 - Growing up in New Orleans, Louisiana

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Partial Transcript: Start now, start now.

Segment Synopsis: Young discusses growing up in New Orleans, Louisiana in a predominantly white lower class neighborhood with his family being a middle class African American family. He also discusses how African American doctors would rely on Northern contributions to supply money to the local hospital, as well as how middle class African Americans only donate little, if any, money to the civil rights movement.

Keywords: Attitudes; Bitter experiences; Children; Civil rights organization; Clientele; Compensation; Dentists; Dilemmas; Doctors; Economics; Flint-Goodridge Hospital; Friends; High schools; Lunch; Membership; National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP); Neighborhoods; Parents; Philanthropy; Prejudices; Professional people; Race; Racial matters; Responsibility; Sacrifices; Segregated hospitals; Straight College

Subjects: African American families; African Americans--Economic conditions; African Americans--Social conditions; Childhood; Civil rights movements--United States; Education; Middle class African Americans; New Orleans (La.); Segregation.

00:08:28 - Finding his path

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Partial Transcript: Some people, such as Mr. Farmer, have said--and he'd written this--that segregation actually, in his case, worked as a spur--a stimulus to achievement.

Segment Synopsis: Young discusses how he figured out what he wanted to do with his life. He also talks about meeting his wife and his admiration for his mother-in-law.

Keywords: Achievements; Activists; Africa; Black Bourgeoisie; Burdens; Controversy; Dedication; Desire; Europe; Hartford Seminary; Incentive; James Farmer; Pastors; Rural South; Seminary; Traitors; Value systems; Wife

Subjects: African American clergy; Education; Integration; Segregation.

00:12:48 - Assimilating into American culture

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Partial Transcript: Let me put a question this way.

Segment Synopsis: Young talks about his family and his turning away from his parents' ideas of being the "right kind of negro". He also discusses the African American experience overall and the role of men and women in the civil rights movement. He also discusses the concept of African Americans identifying as Africans and how he personally feels about the topic.

Keywords: A Raisin in the Sun (play); African American community; African American culture; African mystique; American society; Analogy; Anthropology; Bewilderment; Black Muslims; Churches; Contributions; Cultural traditions; Denominations; Distrust; Family life; Family patterns; Feminine figures; Grammar schools; Impulses; James Baldwin; Lorraine Hansberry; Male dominance; Matriarchy; Missionaries; Pressures; Psyche; Rebellion; Records; Religious life; Revolution; Richard Wright; Rock 'n' roll; Seminary; Suspicion; Transplants; Values; W. E. B Du Bois; White South

Subjects: Africa; African American clergy; African American families; Assimilation (Sociology); Civil rights demonstrations; Civil rights movements--United States; Culture.; Equality.; Identity (Philosophical concept); Integration; Religion; Segregation.

00:26:53 - Authenticity of African American history

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Partial Transcript: There's something about, uh, the problem of defining the negro in America, which has taken, uh, one manifestation in the re-writing of negro history.

Segment Synopsis: Young addresses Warren's take (via other authors) that African American history is propaganda to give false hope and pride to African Americans.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Acquaintances; Arnold Rose; Careers; Communists; Contributions; Credit; Delusion; Frederick Douglass; Gunnar Myrdal; Heritage; Inflation; Intellectual aristocracy; Interests; Propaganda; Race pride; Reconstruction; Self-discovery; Slave labor; Slave revolts; Symphony; W. E. B. Du Bois

Subjects: African American--History.; Assimilation (Sociology); Identity (Philosophical concept)

00:34:00 - Commonalities between African Americans and white Southerners

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Partial Transcript: Let me you ask you this question.

Segment Synopsis: Young compares African Americans and white Southerners to illustrate the idea that the racial problems that are infesting the United States will be settled, first, in the South rather than the North.

Keywords: American machine; Appreciative; Charles Evers; Cosmopolitan; Courage; Delicate; Experiences; Federal marshals; Friendship; Gospel hymns; Guilt; Howard University; Human recognition; Jails; Middle class; Ministers; Nationalism; Nonviolence; Northern whites; Pastors; Persons; Reactions; Reconciliation; Respect; Schools; Segregationists; Sensitive; Settlements; Society; Students; Subcultures; Trust; White Southerners

Subjects: African Americans--Social conditions; Albany (Ga.); Civil rights movements--United States; Race relations; Religion

00:44:05 - Social illness in the South

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Partial Transcript: --Baldwin has written somewhere within his last book--that the Southern mob--

Segment Synopsis: Young attempts to explain the difference between white individuals acting alone and the actions of a white mob and its leadership.

Keywords: Ambiguity; Fear; George Wallace; James Baldwin; Police; Sickness; Social illness; Southern mob; Tennessee Williams; Will of the Southern white majority

Subjects: African Americans--Social conditions.; Civil rights movements--United States; Integration; Race problems.

00:46:58 - The white Southerner's fear of losing identity

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Partial Transcript: Let me ask you--uh, try this and see how you respond to it.

Segment Synopsis: Young discusses the fear that white Southerners have of losing their identity through desegregation. He also talks about abuse of federal law enforcement and the military by past presidents.

Keywords: African American majority; Defending; Defensiveness; Dominant cultures; Ego; Fear; Federal laws; Judgment; Mississippi Delta; Myths; Political threats; Roles; Ross Barnett; Social functions; Social sickness; Symbols; Symptoms; Ways of life; White Citizens Council

Subjects: African Americans--Social conditions; Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969; Identity (Philosophical concept); Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963; Segregation.

00:52:09 - Integrating schools

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Partial Transcript: Let's take something else.

Segment Synopsis: Young tries to interpret Reverend Galamison's words about destroying the school system if it is not integrated according to plan.

Keywords: American education; Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.; Enemies; Gradualism; Ideology; Irresponsible; Nonviolence; Presbyterian ministers; Public education; Public school systems; Reverend Milton Galamison; School boycotts; Social movements; Urbanization; White community

Subjects: African American leadership; Busing for school integration; Education; King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968; New York (N.Y.); School integration; Segregation; Washington (D.C.)

00:59:23 - African American representation in state government

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Partial Transcript: Just last week, I was sitting with, uh, Dr. Anna Hedgeman, you know, who is just a wonderful woman and who's been a great help to me.

Segment Synopsis: Young talks about the representation of African Americans in government for the sake of their involvement in education. He also talks about democracy for all citizens.

Keywords: Blame; Busing; Frame of reference; Housing; Jobs; Mayors; Modern Democracy; Political structures; Population; Problems; Racial overtones; Representation; Responsibility; Reverend Milton Galamison; Solutions; State legislatures; Symptoms; Unconstitutional; Urban renewal

Subjects: Education; Racism; Segregation; Washington (D.C.)

01:04:10 - Keeping the civil rights movement together

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Partial Transcript: My question, uh, is this.

Segment Synopsis: Young discusses the process of keeping the civil rights movement together as well as the slogans that can lead leaders of mass movements into traps.

Keywords: 'Negro Movement'; African American police officers; Bombings; Busing; Creativity; Direct action; Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.; Hope; Law enforcement; Mass movements; Mass murders; New York school system; Policemen; Press conference; Prisoner; Rallying points; Rhetoric; Trap

Subjects: African American leadership; Birmingham (Ala.)--Race relations; Civil rights demonstrations; Civil rights movements--United States; King, Martin Luther, Jr. 1929-1968; Slogans

01:09:32 - Problems of the African American community vs. problems of society

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Partial Transcript: You wanted to say something more on the problem beyond integration?

Segment Synopsis: Young talks about how the problems that African Americans complain about are the problems of a much larger population as well.

Keywords: Bottom; City planning; Courts; Democracy; Disfranchisement; Education; Employment; Enemy; Equal opportunities; Government contracts; Overcrowding; Power; Problem child; Problem families; Representative government; Richard Russell; Roman empire; Socioeconomic structure; Southern politics; Unemployment; Urban Renewal; Voting rights

Subjects: African Americans--Social conditions; Civil rights movements--United States; Discrimination.; Families.; Voting

01:15:56 - Nonviolent action in the North and South

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Partial Transcript: Let's turn for a moment to the philosophy of nonviolence.

Segment Synopsis: Young discusses the psychology and theology related to nonviolence among African Americans in the civil rights movement.

Keywords: Advantage; Ark; Bitterness; Black Nationalists; Burden; Case studies; Charisma; Child rearing; Control; Danger; Discipline; Dr. Kenneth Clark; Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.; Emotions; Ethos; Forgiveness; Health; Hostility; Injustice; Jail; Love; Middle class; Philosophy; Psychologists; Resentment; Savage; Sickness; Spirit; Stability; Suffering; Transformation; Virtue

Subjects: Civil rights demonstrations; Civil rights movements--United States; Communities.; King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968; Leadership; Nonviolence